Apatosaurus is one of the most famous of the giant Jurassic plant-eaters.It is a huge, conspicuous animal that lives in herds and usually lives near lakes and other water sources. It feeds on tree foliage and also low vegetation. Each adult needs at least half a ton of food each day. Another massive sauropod of InGen's, the Apatosaurus is a massive sauropod Moving through the jungles of Isla Nublar in small herds of five to six and placidly browsing on high-up vegetation, these massive browsers enjoy a symbiotic relationship with Parasaurolophus. The hadrosaurs' herds move alongside the sauropods, using their better vision to warn their massive companions of danger before huddling beneath the Apatosaurus' bulk for protection.
Name Meaning Edit
Apatosaurus means "deceptive lizard".
Apatosaurus is a fairly typical member of the diplodocid family - long neck, pillar-like legs, long tapering tail and enormous size. It had, like the other family members, peg-like teeth in a head that seemed very small for such a large creature. Compared to Diplodocus, Apatosaurus has a shorter, thicker neck, and a larger, heavier body. There is much speculation about how much these creatures needed to eat and how such a small head could ingest enough food to fuel such a large body. Some scientists have stated that these huge, small-headed creatures would have needed to eat every waking moment in order to provide enough food to keep such a large body alive. Apatosaurus seemed to have every adaptation needed for continuous eating, including having nostrils on the top of its head, so breathing would not interfere with eating. Despite looking defenseless other than its huge size, the Apatosaurus tail was a formidable weapon: it was like a giant bullwhip, and could snap with enough force to shatter bones of attacking therapods like Allosaurus or Ceratosaurus. Timed well, it could probably kill a full grown Allosaurus outright with a blow to the head or cause severe injury after hitting the sides of the therapod.
In order to facilitate the processing of food, which it could not chew with its teeth. Apatosaurus probably swallowed stones that it kept in a gizzard similar to that found in a chicken. The tough plant fibers would spend time in the gizzard stewing and grinded up by the stones.
Appearance and Size Edit
Apatosaurus has gray skin with dark blue striping and dark tan on its underbelly and portions of its face
The Apatosaurus reaches full adult size in 10 years.
It was a huge, long-necked dinosaur, longer than two school buses and weighing as much as 7-16 elephants.
Apatosaurus was recreated by InGen for the Masrani Global Corporation's Jurassic World, their new dinosaur zoo. Apatosaurus has gray skin with dark blue striping and dark tan on its underbelly and portions of its face. Much like the cloned Brachiosaurus, it chewed its food unlike the original Apatosaurus rather then swallowing leaves and stones that helped the digestion, lacked the speculative spines that possibly went down the back, and lighter build to its body.
Possible Recreation Before Jurassic World? Edit
In The Lost World: Jurassic Park, Ian and Kelly Malcom and Sarah Harding pass through the rib cage of a large dinosaur. Some fans believe this to be Apatosaurus and they are supported by the fact that scene 145 of the film script mentions Apatosaurus among the skeletal remains. Though the femur near the rib cage does match Apatosaurus, the script also mentions apatosaurs in scene 42 when the InGen Hunters were capturing dinosaurs for Peter Ludlow, when in the final film Mamenchisaurus appears instead. This makes the existence of Apatosaurs on Isla Sorna uncertain.
However, the inside of the Isla Nublar Field Lab has an x-ray of a skull of a member of Diplodocidae, the group of sauropods that Apatosaurus belongs to. Possibly hinting that Apatosaurus were indeed recreated before Masrani's dinosaur park Jurassic World.
Jurassic World (2015) Edit
Apatosaurus was recreated by InGen for the Masrani Global Corporation's Jurassic World, their new dinosaur zoo. Apatosaurus has gray skin with dark blue striping and dark tan on its underbelly and portions of its face. Much like the cloned Brachiosaurus, it chewed its food unlike the original Apatosaurus.
Their herds lives in the Gallimimus Valley, the Gyrosphere, and the Cretaceous Cruise, alongside Stegosaurus, Microceratus, and 100 other prehistoric species. Some of the juveniles also lived in the Gentle Giants Petting Zoo.
Isla Nublar Incident (2015) Edit
An Indominus rex attacked six Apatosaurus during her rampage, killing five and fatally injuring one. Owen Grady and Claire Dearing found these Apatosaurus and comforted the injured dinosaur, settling her down when she attempted to rise up, upon which she died peacefully. The death of such a harmless and docile creature caused Claire much sorrow, which was mixed with horror when they discovered the five more dead ones. The discovery of these Apatosaurus made Owen realize that the Indominus was hunting for sport instead of for survival. It's confirmed there's some surviving Apatosaurus in Isla Nublar.
Jurassic World Fallen Kingdom (2018) Edit
The Apatosaurus had survived on Isla Nublar after 2015. The Apatosaurus was first seen during the stampede during the Mount Sibo eruption, at least 4 were seen. Before they can escape, they were slowed down by a cliff. All Apatosaurus in the herd, along with the entire herd were presumably killed during the eruption.
One was briefly seen in one of the trucks while being transported to the ship. They were never seen again until they broke out of the Lockwood Manor. At least 4 were saved by the soldiers but most likely that other Apatosaurus herds along with the other dinosaurs who stampede towards a cliff and manage to swim off the island to the mainland.
The Apatosaurus will return in Jurassic World 3.
Strength and Combat Edit
Much like Jurassic Park's Brachiosaurus, Jurassic World's Apatosaurus would stand on its' hind legs and could scare off a predator under its feet when frightened or reach high up in the treetops. In addition, they can use their whip-like tail to hit predators and knock them out or even kill them. However, these defenses weren't enough to save them from the Indominus rex.
Durability and Stamina Edit
Being large herbivores, they have durable bodies. When one was slashed by the I.rex many times, it was able to survive for a while before succumbing to its wounds.
Agility and SpeedEdit
They are able to use their tails as whip making these dinosaur flexible enough to battle and able to swing their long necks around.
By their type of size this dinosaur is unlikely to run fast from predators.
It is a huge, conspicuous animal that lives in herds and usually lives near lakes and other water sources. It feeds on tree foliage and also low vegetation. Each adult needs at least half a ton of food each day. Another massive sauropod of InGen's, the Apatosaurus is a massive sauropod Moving through the jungles of Isla Nublar in small herds of five to six and placidly browsing on high-up vegetation, these massive browsers enjoy a symbiotic relationship with Parasaurolophus. The hadrosaurs' herds move alongside the sauropods, using their better vision to warn their massive companions of danger before huddling beneath the Apatosaurus' bulk for protection.
Herbivore File: long-necked giants of Jurassic World
Name: Apatosaurus giganticus Masranio
Location and Era: North America, Late Jurassic period
Lifespan: 100 years
Status: critically endangered
Top speed: They walk about about 5 mph but when in a hurry running away from a erupting volcano they can reach 10 mph
Ecological niche: Large herbivore like elephants being a large nomadic species.
Social behaviors: Medium-sized groups of animals close to other herds of sauropod and other herds. They like the other large animals on the island don’t fight over food because each large herbivore feed at different levels.
Vocalization: Apatosaurus produce distinctive deep-frequency bellows and whinnying calls. They also produce loud calls that can be heard from miles. elephantine like trumpet sounds to communicate.
Diet: Herbivore; fruits, leaves, twigs tree foliage and also low vegetation.
Range: Formerly Isla Nublar And now mainland.
Habitat: They prefer places near lakes and other water sources. They also like grasslands, savannas jungles, and forests.
DNA interpolation: (92%) pure Apatosaurus ajax, (8%) African reed frog
Predators: With exception of I-rex they have no natural predators on the island or anywhere else. But when younger, they are mostly preyed on by Carnotaurus and Compies. Some Apatosaurus are vulnerable to attacks because they spend most of their lives in captivity and never experienced this threats of predators but they still do not have any predators the younger individuals are vulnerable to predators such as Allosaurus and Tyrannosaurus. The eggs and hatchlings are taken by small nest raiders such as Gallimimus, Segisaurus, and Herrerasaurus. As for the adults only the most specialized predators such as Carnotaurus, Allosaurus, and T-rex dare to attack Apatosaurus.
Additional info: Apatosaurus was recreated by InGen for the Masrani Global Corporation's Jurassic World, their new dinosaur zoo. Apatosaurus has gray skin with dark blue striping and dark tan on its underbelly and portions of its face. Much like the cloned Brachiosaurus, it chewed its food unlike the original Apatosaurus, lacked the speculative spines that possibly went down the back, and had a lighter build to its body. Their herds lives in the Gallimimus Valley, the Gyrosphere, and the Cretaceous Cruise, alongside Stegosaurus, Microceratus, and 100 other prehistoric species. Some of the juveniles also lived in the Gentle Giants Petting Zoo.
The Apatosaurus is the reason that there are more wide open areas on Isla nublar than on the other islands around. Since their neck is not as flexible as thought, they can only reach about 18-20 ft high in tree foliage (thats as tall as T-rex is and its taller than the Parasaurolophus can reach). They drink about 262 liters (69 gallons) each day, since they have a avian respiratory system and a reptilian resting-metabolism. When they whip their tails, it has the force of a cannon. When very young, they can run on their hind legs in a manner similar to that of the basilisk lizard. Like most of the Jurassic World herbivore assets the Apatosaurus was raised in a safe and predator-free environment where they lived without fear of being attacked on a daily basis. While this lifestyle Is without stress it resulted in a creature with a very timid and mild behavior that was great for visitors But the problem was in 2015, during the Indominus incident, more than five of these gentle giants where brutally killed, As they had no experience of how to defend themselves thankfully the species miraculously survived Even if their brain is particularlly small, they seem to show the intelligence of a deer.
Apatosaurus becomes very active during mating season; males stand on their hind feet and slam their forelegs on the ground to impress rivals. Apatosaurus' main weapon is its whip-like tail, that can move at super-sonic speed (hence the snap). This tail is strong enough to break a predator's back or even kill it, so usually only the most specialized predators such as Carnotaurus, Allosaurus and T-rex dare to attack Apatosaurus.
On Isla Nublar now Apatosaurus roamed semi-free according sightings one of the T-Rex's favorite hobbies was to watch the Apatosaurus "like a cat, watching some birds out of its reach". Apatosaurus' tail has multiple functions. It is mainly used to counterbalance the animal’s long neck and most famously, it is used as a weapon against predators. However, the tail is also used as a an important communication device. In a herd, members keep in constant contact with others in the group with their long tails; occasionally whip-cracking and using the resulting breaking of the sound barrier to communicate over long distances with other Apatosaurus. Mostly, the tail serves as a visual communicator; with individuals constantly waving their tails in the air to remind others of their location thus helping to keep the herd together. In addition, Apatosaurus touch the backs of other individuals at close range with their tail tips almost continuously, seemingly to reassure and comfort others with their presence.
This Jurassic sauropod is one of the most well known specimens to ever be found in North America. Along with the bigger and closely related Diplodocus, Apatosaurus was one of the dominant herbivores in it's timeline. Size estimates for Apatosaurus range between 20-23 meters in length, which is still large despite being dwarfed by dinosaurs like Brachiosaurus and Diplodocus. While adults may have likely been too big for a single Allosaurus to bring down, juveniles would have been vulnerable to attack from predators such as this. Their long whiplike tails might possibly have been very effective in fighting off or even killing predators unlucky enough to be hit. In the year 2015, during the nightmarish incident at Jurassic World, six adult Apatosaurus that resided there were attacked by the park's hybrid theropod, Indominus Rex, who viciously killed five and badly wounded one which eventually died. in Jurassic world, Apatosaurus is scheduled to be added as one of many potential herbivores for visitors to see up close in the park's Gyrosphere ride, along with a new attraction called the "Herbivore Petting and Feeding" where visitors are allowed to interact with and feed them. On Isla nublar, Apatosaurus can be found browsing on small to medium trees around the forests near freshwater lakes and rivers. While still fending off Allosaurus like before, Apatosaurus will also stand it's ground against other big predators that dare to attack them, going so far as to even fight a T-Rex should the theropod ever approach them. As with most herbivores, Apatosaurus is a migratory dinosaur that travels in large herds every year to seek out food, water, and nesting grounds. But during migrations, not everyone will usually make it, as they run the risk of being attacked by hungry theropods who often follow the herd in order to single out the weakest members.
Competing males will attempt to warn the other off using this method as well, although in extreme circumstances fights may break out, involving each male standing side by side and attempting to use their bulk to push and shove against one another in tests of strength. Apatosaurus breeding season coincides with the breeding seasons of the other two sauropod species of Isla nublar, occurring outside the breeding seasons of hadrosaurs. After mating, gravid females will travel single file into the Meadow, laying their eggs en mass on the edge of the forests bordering the Lower Mountain Range. The females will then quickly move away, being far too large to remain without risking stepping on the vulnerable eggs and young. A few of adults may remain on the outside of the Meadow, discouraging predators from entering. Although hundreds or even thousands of eggs may be laid between the three species, few survive to hatch and even fewer hatchlings survive into reach their full size owing to the abundance of predators. Like baby turtles, the sauropodlets will instinctively make a beeline for the relative safety of the forests, remaining together in mixed species crèches. Juveniles grow rapidly, and upon reaching adolescence they will move out of the forests onto the open grasslands in order to seek adult herds to join.
Even though the full-grown adults have little to fear against predators due to their immense size, the younger individuals are vulnerable to predators such as Allosaurus and Tyrannosaurus. The young remain in the center of the herd while the much larger, older individuals remain on the outside - providing a barrier to hide and protect the vulnerable juveniles from predators. The adults protect themselves by lashing out with their whip-like tails, inflicting painful, discouraging blows. Herds are often followed by packs of Allosaurus.
Apatosaurus is one of the largest and most popular dinosaurs ever cloned by InGen. Its sheer bulk is enough to deter most predators, but for the bravest or most stupid, it uses its huge tail which acts like a whip. They live in herds by lakes usually. They are sometimes followed by Parasaurolophus for protection; the Parasaurolophus act as an early warning system while the Apatosaurus use their size and tails as a turn-off to predators. They mostly feed on tree foliage but will eat low-growing vegetation. These sauropods need to eat up to 1,000 lbs of food every day. So vegetation doesn't run out, their are nomadic. Their herds are lead in a Matriarchy like most Sauropods and males leave the herd during a certain age. When they leave, they either live alone or in bachelor groups. Males fight over females by slamming their heads and necks into each other. Their whip like tail could easily kill a Tyrannosaurus sized predator in a swing. Predators like T-rex do attack Apatosaurus, but only rarely. These animals were supposed to roam semi free in a large paddock next to the T-rex enclosure in the old park. They are only found on Site B but the last few Apatosaurus live in Northern California.
Before they venture out in the plains the juveniles will live the dense jungles. where they feed from a variety of our tropical flora. Though they are not often seen. They have low, haunting calls and also produce infrasound. They are not very aggressive towards people, showing little interest in them.
The 2018 Mount Sibo extinction event: ingen animal's recorder, Is sad to announce that the Isla Nublar population has been wiped out by Mount Sibo. But there have been rumors that two or even four individuals were saved. And recently, there's been reports of strange long-necked beast roaming the redwood forests.
Behind the scenes Edit
The Apatosaurus skull seen on the Jurassic World website does not belong to the dinosaur at all, rather it belongs to a brachiosaurid sauropod like Brachiosaurus. Furthermore, its icon on the Jurassic World website and the Holoscape is of Brachiosaurus as well.
In the storyboard for Jurassic World Apatosaurus' relative Diplodocus was originally supposed to appear before Apatosaurus was chosen.
The boy that hugs the small Apatosaurus in Jurassic World is played by Bryce Dallas Howard's own son.